and indefinite or misleading.
It is hardly necessary to remind physicians that the use of tablets containing
hexamethylenamin Buy Online Paxil or other formaldehyde compounds can neither cure respira-
tory infections, nor Buy Online Paxil even confer protection against such infections. To be
effective, formaldehyde would need to be supplied to the entire respiratory
tract continuously for some time or else in concentrations that would be
distinctly irritant and damaging to the tissues. Saliva-dissolved tablets,
obviously cannot reach the nasal or tracheal mucosae directly; and the applica-
tion of quickly Buy Online Paxil
acting concentrations of formaldehyde is out of the question.
This altogether aside from the fact that hexamethylenamin, the basis of some
of these tablets, does not liberate formaldehyde in the mouth, and for this
reason alone would be quite useless for this purpose ! Buy Online Paxil (See Hanzlik and Collins,
Archives of Internal Medicine, November, 1913.)
An inefficient antiseptic is more than merely useless; it is a menace to
public safety, in that it tends to lead to the Buy Online Paxil neglect of rational and effective
protective measures. It therefore seems advisable for the Council again to
236 PROPAGANDA FOR REFORM
call the attention of physicians to the subject. Accordingly, three specimens
of these products were purchased and examined in the Association's Chemical
Hex-Iodin (Hexamethylenetetramine and lodum) Lozenges are manufac-
tured by Daggett Buy Online Paxil and Miller Company, Inc., Providence, R. I. They weigh
ISVz grs. each, are sweetened and are flavored with mint or menthol. The
package and circulars do not contain a definite statement of composition. Buy Online Paxil
rather indefinite synonyms "Hexameth. and Iodine Comp." and "Hexamethyl-
entetramine and lodum" suggest that the lozenges contain hexamethylenamin
and free iodin. The further statement that they "contain the combined medic-
inal antiseptic and prophylactic properties of Hexamethylenetetramine and
lodum" is also rather indefinite. The therapeutic action claimed for the
lozenges, however, could only be produced by free iodin and by liberated for-
It is unnecessary to discuss in detail the extravagant claims made for these
lozenges. The inefficiency of hexamethylenamin has already been referred to;
the limitations of iodin, free or combined, in lozenge form, need not be discussed
because the examination made in the A. M. A. Chemical Laboratory showed
that Hex-Iodin lozenges contained no free iodin, and only traces of combined
iodin. Neither formaldehyde nor paraformaldehyde was present; hexamethyl-
enamin was present but, the lozenges being neutral no formaldehyde is gener-
ated in contact with water or with the alkaline saliva.
Thus Hex-Iodin is shown to be worthless for the purpose for which it is
advertised. Of the two important ingredients said to be present, iodin and
hexamethylenamin, only traces could be found of the former while the latter,
as has been shown, is incapable of exerting any effect when used as the manu-
These tablets are prepared by the E. L. Patch Co., Boston. Each tablet
weighs 13y 2 grs. They have the odor of thymol or menthol and an acid taste
and reaction. They are, according to the label :
"For the throat and mouth. Soothing, Astringent, Antiseptic. Rapidly destroys germs of
infection, preventing and relieving sore throat and mouth."
In a circular, it is stated, that one of the qualities of Formitol :
". . . is the generation of formaldehyde when in contact with water or the saliva."
"Besides generating formaldehyde, Formitol, Patch contains astringent, demulcent and
soothing ingredients which render the combination unusually effective."
A bacteriologic report is given in this circular in which it is stated that,
in 2% minutes one Formitol Tablet rendered sterile a plate culture of a
"characteristic throat micrococci." The .instructions are to dissolve a tablet in
the mouth, slowly, once an hour or a half-tablet every half hour.
The A. M. A. Chemical Laboratory reported that Formitol Tablets con-
tained formaldehyde (or paraformaldehyde), and ammonium compound, and
some hexamethylenamin. It is probable that the formaldehyde (or parafor-
maldehyde) was produced by the decomposition of hexamethylenamin originally
present in the tablets but decomposed by long contact with the acid. 1
1. The E. L. Patch Company declares that "no hexamethylenamine has ever been used in
the manufacture of Formitol tablets," and that ammonium chloride and paraformaldehyde are
among the ingredients used in the manufacture of these tablets. The hexamethylenamine
present in the tablets, therefore, must have been produced Buy Online Paxil
by interaction of the paraformalde-
hyde and ammonium chloride. This does not alter the laboratory findings regarding the com-
position of the tablets, namely, that they "contain formaldehyde (or paraformaldehyde), an
ammonium compound and some hexamethylenamine."
COUNCIL REPORTS 237
These tablets differ from Hex-Iodin in that they really contain active for-
maldehyde and, therefore, possibly produce antiseptic effect in test-tube cultures.
The conditions in the mouth, however, are very different from those in the
test-tube, since in the mouth the formaldehyde would be immediately "bound"
or absorbed. The claimed absence of irritation indicates sufficiently the
absence of efficient quantities of formaldehyde under clinical conditions.
Cin-U-Form Lozenges, manufactured by McKesson and Robbins, New York
City, are marketed in bottles of 24 for 25 cents. They have a strong odor
of cinnamon, weigh 15% grs. each, and are acid in taste and reaction. The
label states that they contain :
"Cinnamon, Eucalyptus, Formaldehyde and Menthol all powerful germicides against
influenzal bacilli, but not injurious to the system in this palatable form."
A circular contains the same statement as to composition and claims further
". . . help to prevent the infection of Spanish Influenza, Pneumonia, Grip Colds and
to guard against Sore Throat, Tonsillitis, Pharyngitis, etc."
The A. M. A. Chemical Laboratory reported Buy Online Paxil
that Cin-U-Form Lozenges
contained some formaldehyde (or paraformaldehyde) and no hexamethylenamin.
It is obvious that the mouth and throat cannot be "disinfected" by these
lozenges. They would Buy Online Paxil be totally ineffective against bacteria that enter through
the nose; they cannot prevent influenza, pneumonia, etc. (From The Journal
A. M. A., Oct. 4, 1919)
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